andorra & spain

a pyrenees adventure in search of a european micronation

journey profile

Where: Andorra La Vella, Pal & Barcelona. Andorra & Spain, Europe
When: August 2015
What: Caldea Spa, Salvador Dali Sculpture, Giant Mannequin Street Parade, Northern Valley Views, Sagrada Familia, Gaudi’s La Pedrera; Park Guell; Casa Battlo, Place D’Espagne, The Frieze Picasso mural.
Counter: 2 countries
Illnesses or mishaps: Going on the most boring coach tour ever. I have never been so glad to leave a coach in my life.


As regular readers of this site know, I am not averse to visiting the lesser-known and more obscure places out there. I have been to nearly every country in Europe now and flying to Barcelona was a means to an end: it gave me cheap and convenient access to the little country nestling in the Pyrenees between Spain and France: Andorra. It was a chance to see the sixth smallest country in Europe as well as a chance to bring me one country closer to achieving the feat of visiting every country on the continent.

My trip through Spain to Andorra was a not-too-dissimilar reprise of my journey to another miniature nation last year when I travelled through Switzerland to get to Liechtenstein. This itself mirrored my trip a year earlier when we travelled through Belgium to get to Luxembourg. You've got to give it to Europe - it does micro countries very well.




the pyrenees micro country

Access to Andorra came from a little shuttle bus service called Novatel Andorrabus which picked us up at Barcelona airport and whisked us, in a mere three hours, through Pyrenees scenery and into the miniature country. The journey itself is pleasant enough comprised, as it is, of rocky outcrops, fields and agricultural buildings. The ascent up into the Pyrenees mountains made my ears pop quite a few times and, unsurprisingly, the deeper you head into them, the more dramatic become the mountain ranges - often dressed with hats of clouds at their peaks. There's the odd impressive dam and rapid running river to add a bit of visual intrigue.

Unlike Liechtenstein and Luxembourg which don't seem to bother, Andorra has a pronounced and formal border point which comes complete with flag, sign, police booths and Guardia Nacionale officers wearing shades. Andorra is not a member of the EU and this may account for the slightly more emphatic border point: Andorra is the point at which you enter or leave the European Union. I do like being able to know the exact point at which I leave one country and enter another - it's exciting (you can check out my other border crossing points on my Borderlands page here). As we cleared the border, I zoomed into my 65th country.


Andorra-bound: the view from our Andorrabus journey into the Pyrenees and, right, at the Andorran border.



andorra la vella

the highest capital city in europe

Andorra La Vella is the microscopic capital of Andorra and the highest capital city in Europe. I don't mind saying that, after arriving in Andorra La Vella some twelve hours after setting off from the UK, I was pretty exhausted. Looming black clouds and loud claps of thunder ensured there was an ominous start to our time in the capital. Being over 3000ft above sea level meant the storm felt especially close! An open restaurant was hard to find at five o'clock and we'd not eaten anything substantial all day. I had forgotten that in this part of the world businesses, particularly restaurants, close for a siesta. It's a bit of a shock to someone heralding from the UK where every minute of the day is fair game for a bit of money making. In Andorra, any restaurant worthy of the name was closed, drastically limiting our options. Ravenous by this point we ate in an unappetising, down at heal 'restaurant' more geared towards elderly locals than tourists. I don't normally mind going 'native' but did mind having to eat the world's weirdest pizza for my trouble (in fact, we struggled to like any of the food we ate in Andorra during our time there). Further claps of thunder and a torrential downpour brought our first evening in the capital to an abrupt and untimely end. After sheltering from the rain in a local shopping centre from where we'd bought some Toblerone as 'desert' we darted into the welcoming dryness of our hotel - which itself shook with every thundery clap. Being thousands of feet above sea level and located in a mountain valley, Andorra's weather is notoriously changeable. Checking the forecast back home prior to departure was almost pointless; it changed on a daily basis. Pack a rain mac and brolly along with your shorts and sun lotion to cater for all eventualities.

The Andorran capital can be divided into two distinct halves: the new and the old. The new part of town is comprised of shopping streets stuffed full of Tabacs, clothing stores, duty free and a bewildering array of perfume shops. You'd be wrong to dismiss the Andorran capital as a sleepy mountain town; it's a lively little place where hip teenagers whizz by on their skateboards, stores blare dance music out onto the street and dogs of seemingly every size and colour are out for their daily jaunt. Everyone in Andorra La Vella seems to have a dog - either on a lead or ensconced in a fashionable designer handbag. Just when we thought we'd got the measure of the place, a chance decision to explore the historic centre on our second evening had us come face to face with the Virgen street procession of giant mannequins dancing to the drums of musicians. We were doubly lucky to have come across this; apparently it's an annual event held on the 1st of August and we'd happened upon its 30th anniversary, too!

Other points of interest in the capital include the iconic Salvador Dali bronze sculpture "La Noblesse Du Temps", where a clock is propped melted-wise slithering down the branches of a blasted tree. Also, a visit to Andorra La Vella wouldn't be complete without a stint in the Caldea Innu Spa. It is the largest thermal spa in Europe and comes with a building as impressive as its record suggests. It's the undeniable landmark of the city and, arguably, the country too. A mirror-covered peak soars into the air simultaneously reflecting and mimicking the mountains around it. During cloudier moments the building reflects the grey and effectively vanishes. By the same token, when the sun shines it emerges from its cloudy slumber to defiantly reflect the sun, cutting a remarkable sight on the city skyline. It's not unlike London's Shard in appearance. For €49 you get to bathe in the thermal waters and, most notably, do so on an outside terrace overlooking the beauty of the valley.


The wonderful Caldea Spa building (1): It simultaneously reflects and mimics the mountains around it.


The wonderful Caldea Spa building (2): Its mirrored tiles ensures it changes colour depending on the skies.


The dramatic interior of the Caldea Spa building and, right, on the terrace overlooking the valley.


The Salvador Dali time sculpture, an evocative sculpture of men on platformed poles and the flag of Andorra on a mannequin in the Virgen Parade.


It's not uncommon to see clouds hugging the mountainsides when you wake in the morning. You are, after all, waking up in Europe's highest capital.


Andorra La Vella Centre Historic: two street performers graciously pose for my camera and, right, the Sant Esteve Church foregrounded by red flowers.


Giant King and Queen mannequins make their way through the streets of the Historic quarter.


Giant mannequins of the Virgen parade make their way through the streets of the capital's Historic quarter.


Balcony details on buildings in the Historic quarter. Right, the soaring mountainsides surround the city - the highest capital in Europe. 


Being such a small country wedged between Spain and France, signs for both countries are everywhere. The country is so small that both France and Spain are in the same direction!


Andorra La Vella's new part of town comprised of shopping streets with Tabacs, clothing stores, duty free and a bewildering array of perfume shops.




northern valleys

Pal in Andorra's Northern Valleys is best known for its skiing standing, as it does, over 1500m above sea level with stunning views across the mountains. In the summer months it is the home of BMX-ers and mountain biking enthusiasts. We were there as part of a quick tour to get a taste of life outside of the capital.


A mountain biker takes in the valley view before setting off again.


The view of Andorra's Northern Valleys from on-board the ski cable car.





I am a bit of a travel snob. There's no doubt about it. I turn my nose up at people who say they're going to Spain on holiday. After all, it's where everyone in Britain goes, isn't it? Such a well-trodden path cannot possibly be exciting, can it? It's so unadventurous and cliche it never fails to create a wave of deflation when someone rambles on about going to Spain as if it's the only destination on earth. There are so many amazing countries out there - why go to the same one every year? For these reasons I, perhaps mistakenly, tend to dismiss Spain all too readily. I'd rather spend my time travelling to more quirky, off-the-beaten track places.

I have been to Spain before, both as a kid on holiday and much later when I taught English as a Foreign Language to students at an international school in Tarragona near Barcelona. Back then I only managed to capture a few grainy photos of my weekend in Barcelona on an old 35mm camera. This trip in to Andorra, which was the sole driving force for going to Barcelona in the first place, was a chance to right this wrong. This time I returned to Barcelona armed with a digital camera in a bid to try do the city's gems justice.




in search of gaudi

Barcelona is renowned internationally for its architecture - most famously that of Gaudi. Anyone visiting the Catalan city is magnetically drawn to the Sagrada Familia - an as yet unfinished fairytale creation of his which fuses gothic and organic elements and which is the most visited sight in the country. The Sagrada's tapered spires appear to have grown naturally out of the ground like tree trunks. This comparison is particularly apt when you consider the length of time trees and the building itself have taken to grow. The Sagrada Familia: a work in progress for over a century. Controversy continues to dog this unfinished building as modern architects, in the absence of any detailed plans, do their best to finish it by guessing what Gaudi would have wanted. Some feel that recent additions are not in keeping with Gaudi's style. The use of concrete rather than stone is particularly contentious. Rightly so.

On the outside, the profile of the Sagrada Familia is dramatically affected surrounded, as it is, by ongoing building work, cranes and builders' netting. Its image is so obstructed that I almost didn't bother photographing it. However, it is on the inside where the marriage of art and architecture can really be appreciated, in spite of the swarms of tourists with their stupid selfie sticks and cameras flashing. Barcelona is a veritable tourist trap of the absolute worst kind and this has the potential to taint your experience of what is, architecturally, a truly remarkable place.

Gaudi's straight-line defying designs inspired by natural forms can be seen all over the city, most wonderfully on the roof of La Pedrera, famous for its fanciful chimney pots, which look like beige medieval knights in armour, and twisted white chess pieces. This was what I'd come to Barcelona to see! The famed Park Guell was next on our Gaudi tour of Barcelona: the intense heat and high humidity only marginally detracted from the park's iconic mosaic-covered creations, which most notably include a larger-than-life (and much-photographed) salamander and wavy, serpentine seating paved in tiles with exquisite patterns.

A visit to the roof of Casa Batllo, known to locals as the 'House of Bones' or 'House of the Dragon' owing to its bulbous and spine-like roofline with coloured mosaics, was well worth the €20 entrance fee. It is vital you book online as queues for all of Gaudi's sites are long and will quickly try your patience as well as eat into vital sight-seeing time. Entrance fees are on the pricey side and, if you are an architecture geek and want to visit the majority of Gaudi's buildings here, brace yourself. As it is, getting close to Gaudi set me back €70. I make no apologies for the fact that my Barcelona section below is dominated by Gaudi.

It's possibly serendipitous that my photographs of Gaudi and Barcelona back in 2003 were of such poor quality. It triggered a revisit over a decade later when I was more able to appreciate what I was seeing. Back in 2003 I didn't have a clue. I hope you feel I did the city justice second time around...


The Sagrada Familia fuses Gothic and organic elements and which is the most visited sight in the country. Right, the Sagrada Familia's external mosaic details high up on the building.


The Sagrada Familia's ceiling with classic elements of Modernisme's obsession with flora and tree-like shapes.


The shimmering colours from stained glass windows are projected onto the organic shapes of the interior: a true marriage of art and architecture.


The view of Barcelona from the Sagrada Familia's Passion facade.


 The wonderful wavy exterior of Gaudi's La Pedrera building. There is not a straight line in the whole building.


The awesome and iconic medieval knight-inspired chimneys of Gaudi's La Pedrera building. I love these.


Gaudi's La Pedrera building whose terrace includes a range of innovative and unique ventilation towers.


Fun with my copy of Lonely Planet's guide to Barcelona, lining up its cover alongside Gaudi's iconic chimney pots.


Gaudi's bizarre Casa Battlo, known to locals as the 'House of Bones' or 'House of the Dragon' owing to its bulbous and spine-like roofline.


Gaudi's bizarre Casa Battlo - one of the strangest buildings in Europe.


Park Guell mosaic detail.


Gaudi's Park Guell mosaic signage and, right, the iconic blue and white mosaic tower at the entrance to the park.


Possibly the most photographed view of Park Guell.


Park Guell's much photographed salamander and, right, the exquisite mosaic detail on the seating benches.


The Frieze Picasso mural opposite Barcelona's Cathedral. I love the juxtaposition with the balconies. 


Barcelona Cathedral and, right, the huge towers in the Place D'Espagne.



travel tips

  • It's common sense really, but make sure you pack for all weather eventualities when heading into the Pyrenees.
  • Book trips to Gaudi's buildings and attractions online. It will mean you avoid the worst of the queues.
  • Do your research if you want to eat something other than the standard tourist fayre. Barcelona is such a tourist trap fresh food not consisting of pizza and chips can be hard to find.


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